My Volunteering Experience

My Volunteering Experience

I was very grateful for the volunteer opportunity which was provided by Service Learning Project. This is my first experience to serve the community as a volunteer. Since I had no experience in serving as a volunteer in the United States, I had hesitated to apply for a chance in agencies that participate in community services.  The project provided an opportunity for me to take a step forward in serving communities as my first volunteering experience. This opportunity also became a significant experience to participate in a discourse community which consists of people filled with humanity. It provided some set of goals of helping people who are disadvantaged. I had a valuable opportunity to learn about the community services through the beneficial communications with the discourse community.

In this project, I had a chance to apply as a volunteer with Loaves & Fishes Family, Kitchen(L&F) which is a local nonprofit organization in San Jose. The reason I decided to apply in this agency was because my friend strongly recommended it to me. She had an experience of serving as a volunteer in this agency and I received an excellent feedback from her. L& F is founded on trust that it is an established organization with a solid foundation to contribute to the community. Furthermore, I researched about the agency and found out that it was founded more than 35 years ago which enhances its credibility.  L & F provides approximately 2000 meals a week at three different locations. It provides these meals to low-income families, single women, and the homeless people. Our supervisor, Ms. Hyru Gau, a volunteer Manager of L & F, argues that a third of the households in Santa Clara county are low-income. These people don’t have enough income to meet basic needs such as food. L & F is willing to provide nutritious and hot meals at no cost to these disadvantaged households.

My first volunteering duty at L & F was to distribute groceries to the low-income families. L & F collaborates with many other local non-profits agencies from Bay area. This program is called Grocery Bag Program and takes place at St. Maria Goretti church. It is held on every third Wednesday of the month at the church which is located on Senter Road in San Jose.  Approximately 30 volunteers gathered at 8:00 am in a hall next to the church. Ms. Hyru Gau and the other people in charge of this program assigned different jobs to the volunteers. We started by carrying the tables for setting up the hall for the food preparation under instructions from the supervisor. The regular volunteers were very friendly and willing to help the new ones. Many boxes were carried and placed at the center of the hall. Each box came stocked with fresh fruits and vegetables such as potatoes, onions, broccolis, carrots, pears and oranges. L & F receives groceries and fruits from retailers, local growers, the Second Harvest Food Bank, and the other variety of other sources. Alongside other volunteers, we started to empty the boxes and arranged them according to the types of food on the tables. We started putting the fruits and vegetables in the plastic bags in equal proportions. We provided more than 200 bags of food and moved on to the next tasks. We then received other boxes with packets of milk, eggs, yogurts, tortillas, and various kinds of bread.  We organized everything on the tables for distribution upon peoples’ arrival.

The people had to obtain a ticket before receiving food. The distribution was supposed to be divided into four phases in two hours. People who need this service are mostly mothers and their children, and a few homeless people. On the first day of volunteering, almost all the food we set up was distributed in a very organized manner. Some few snack boxes were left to give the children an extra treat. The only thing I was disappointed in was some moldy loaves of bread I found in the boxes and some sliced bread squished pretty badly in the boxes. These people deserve fresh bread even if it is for free

My second volunteering service was the same service at St. Maria Goretti. I continuously applied to the same program since I could work comfortably with the regular volunteers. Compared to the previous time, there were fewer students participating this time as volunteers and most participants were adults. With the other volunteers, we started by carrying and opening the boxes with vegetables and fruits. Since the number of volunteers was less than the previous time, it took a little more time to set up all the food bags for distribution. The supervisor, Ms. Hyru Gau, asked me to check the quality of bread as I had done before. Unfortunately, I found some moldy bread but the quality was much better than the other time. The number of people who came to receive the food was also a little less than the previous time.

I chose to volunteer at Goodwill Industries for my third opportunity. This program is also associated with L & F. Goodwill Industries target homeless people, low-income families, and single women. We took a couple hours to prepare food and served the meals for one hour. This time my task was cooking and I helped the other volunteers to make the salad. The meal consisted of five different items which included, spaghetti meat sauce, mixed salad, fresh cut fruits, vegetable soup, and various kinds of bread. We served the meals to more than 50 people who were mostly homeless and from low-income families. While serving the meals, I realized that approximately one in five people refused to eat salad and fruits. Although vegetables and fruits are important foods which provide essential nutrients, they preferred more carbohydrates.

My last service as a volunteer was at Catholic Charities Eastside Neighborhood Center. This is one of the locations that L & F provides meals to people from Monday to Friday. More than 50 people came to the church and were provided with nutritious meals. There were eight volunteers joining this program and I was very glad to see the supervisor, Ms. Hyru again as she works at this church daily. I helped to chop various kinds of vegetables for making a mixed salad. We also prepared many roasted chickens which were very delicious. There were two children, a brother, and a sister, coming to have a dinner with their parents. Both of them were overweight which made me get concerned about obesity. Their parents should be made aware of the dangers the children face. After the dinner, lunch bags were distributed containing a half sandwich, snacks, and some stick vegetables. Such kind of service is very helpful to the people, and I deeply admire Ms. Hyru’s selflessness. I was glad to be a part of the volunteering service.

In conclusion, I learned how difficult it is to educate people on the significance of food and nutrition as a volunteer. Obviously, there are many people who are in food insecure. Considering this situation, I believe that people need to be provided with opportunities to have education as well as providing food. The Service Learning Project provided for me an opportunity which made me feel very satisfied to volunteer to serve our communities. I gained much experience and importance of volunteering by serving at L & F. The biggest benefit I obtained from volunteering was an accomplishment of meaningful tasks that not only helped other people’s lives but also a significant opportunity to advance my career, and in all areas of my life

Diet for Life

Diet for Life

My daily meal plan is simple but somewhat nutritious (in my opinion). Like diet. For breakfast, I have two slices of toast, scrambled eggs, and a cup of coffee. I cannot go without breakfast as it is the meal that kick starts my day, and it determines how enthusiastic the day will be. Most of the time, I skip lunch. However, when I get the chance to eat, I take rice with some vegetables such as broccoli. I have the lightest meal during dinner time. It comprises of a vegetable salad and fruits. Throughout the day, I take lots of water. I can drink between eight to ten glasses of water religiously. I rarely eat meat.

Comparison between the Articles

The article ‘Escape from the Western Diet’ by Michael Pollan is on nutrition. In the article, Pollan mentions that the use of food science in discovering the problem with the Western diet in inevitable. Science offers the best explanations, but they should not be taken as the whole truth (Pollan 420). One need not belong to an individual school of thought so as to figure out how best to eat. The article points out that people eating a western diet are more prone to diseases and illnesses compared to those that embrace more traditional foods. For that reason, individuals should stop eating a western diet.

Michael Pollan insists that the theories of nutrition are meant to satisfy one’s curiosity about how things work (Pollan 422). These theories are of no benefit to the eater, the medical society, or the food industry. The problem with the food industry is that they capitalize on these scientific theories to go forth and introduce a new line of products into the market. These new products are just but modifications of the Western diet that eaters are so desperately trying to avoid. Not much radical changes are made on food; instead, the problem of processed foods is fuelled even further.

Michael is adamant that society can plot its way out of the Western diet hence his collection of unscientific rules that are meant to steer people to the right direction. One of his rules encourages people to eat food in small quantities. He acknowledges the fact that the environment is the beginning of individuals’ bodily health.  He writes that food should not be defined by the chemical composition alone. Ecological and social relationships should also be considered.

‘What Are You Buying When You Buy Organic’ written by Steven Shapin is an article that demystifies theories surrounding organic foods. It aims at explaining the origin and nutritional implications of these foods. The author emphasizes that people who sell organic food are also out to make profits. It is, therefore, not right to think of small, family-owned, local operations at the mention of organic foods (Shapin 429). Steven says that most people go for natural, thinking that they are alleviating environmental pollution. He describes, through Earthbound that it may be the case because the producers struggle to use environmentally friendly fuels such as biodiesel.

Environmental friendliness is at the heart of organic food production. It is for this reason that their food is safer for human consumption than any other. For instance, organic farmers do not use pesticides on their farms. The result is a salad free of pesticide residues, and this is the beginning of healthy eating. Additionally, it is easier to access fresh organic produce as opposed to processed foods and with freshness comes taste.

The article acknowledges the fact that Indian farming techniques were at some point superior to those of the West (Shapin 434). The health of the soil was the determinant of the health of the consumers. It is this discovery that led to the organic farming revolution. Individuals are encouraged to know the source of what they put in their mouth as this constitutes healthy living.

All in all, these two articles complement each other. Both authors agree that the West feeding culture is detrimental to people’s health. Additionally, they both agree that the environment should be considered in food production. It is the road to leading a healthy life if well preserved. One cannot expect to feed the soil with harmful chemicals and from it, obtain healthy and nutritious carrots.

Personal Experience

Once upon a time, I needed eggs for breakfast. Since I had an early day, I could not wait for a nearby organic store to open. On any other day, I would not buy eggs from anywhere else but this organic store. On that particular day, I had no option but to get them from another warehouse. I beat two eggs to prepare my omelet. When I started frying the eggs, I was shocked at how puffed up they became. I had to confirm that I had beaten two and not four eggs.  I could not eat that meal. To date, I am still not sure why two eggs would swell up so that they looked like they were more than that.


The issue of healthy eating is a communal responsibility. What people eat is likely to determine the kind of individuals that they are. It is important to conserve our environment. It is true that people cannot go back to ancestral ways of life, but it is possible to borrow a leaf. Poor eating habits affect everybody. When an individual becomes a victim of the chronic disease and loses their life, society is affected in one way or the other. A healthy eating nation is a prosperous one.

Essay on Current Health Care Trends and Issues

Essay on Current Health Care Trends and Issues

In the last few decades, no one would think of technological advancement in delivery and operational efficiencies that the nursing field has experienced.  The technological changes emanates from advancement in ICT that cause ubiquitous progress in treatment hence embracing new techniques aims at addressing new types of ailments ( Fichman et al., 2011).  The refinement of technology has also emanated from a need to minimize the service delivery time. For instance, telecommunication services such as telemedicine and the use of Cloud-based Electronic Health Records (EHR) has helped in creating efficiency in delivery care. The aim of this paper is to discuss various aspects of technological trends.

Current Technological Trends in Health Care

The change in health care technology is essential to serve patient at ease and minimize the operational errors hence leading to quality care. And we will talk about this problem in this essay. A few days ago I was asking myself “can i pay someone to write my essay” because this essay should be written well and clear, but then I’ve decided to write it by myself. So, hospitals are required to embrace the tech trends in order to promote service delivery, manage growth, and maintain profitability. There are various latest changes in healthcare because of advancement in technology. First, there is the application of connected medical devices. For instance, most health care facilities have invested in creating networked systems that can receive signals from automated pacemakers and insulin pumps that helps patient to monitor their health progress in real-time. The patient also has the opportunity to track their fitness and identifying vital signs that assists to prevent health unconscious situation ( Fichman et al., 2011).

Second, there is the use of electronic health records.  The advancement has resulted from an escalating need to have portable health records that will help patients in monitoring their health condition. The introduction of the initiative is likely to influence the changes in health delivery because it is adaptable, flexible, and user-friendly ( Fichman et al., 2011).  The records are maintained in cloud-based systems hence making it easily accessible through portable devices such as Smartphone, laptops, and tablets. The data is imperative because the stored data is  processed for use by both the providers and patients. Therefore, the data is an integral part in the preparation of care plans.

Current Technological Trends with What I Have Experienced In Practice

Advanced technology has contributed to various changes on how the health care providers conduct their duties. The use of smartphones and ipads has affected the way I deliver services to patients. The process has promoted easy storage and accessibility of data that relates to a particular patient and help in preparing care plans. In practice, I have been using a Smartphone to access medical information within a short period (Barbash & Glied, 2010). The process has improved efficiency and service quality because of Smartphone portability. The usage rate of Smartphone is ramping up and may replace the traditional methods of data storage.

How Technology has changed the Delivery of Nursing Care

The technology has contributed to various changes in delivery of care.  The adoption of advanced technologies have raised life expectancy rate and its incorporation has led to maximum service delivery. In addition, the technology has created a conducive work environment for providers and patients. There is also an increase in job satisfaction due to flexibility and ease of service delivery. The technology has created value to life by providing advanced machines that can handle patients at critical conditions (Barbash & Glied, 2010). The machines that contribute to value addition include delivery robots, biomedical device integration, and wireless communication.

Benefits and Disadvantages of the Current Technological Presence in Health Care

Current technologies have contributed to various advantages based on service delivery and working environment. First, it has led to efficiency of care delivery. For instance, the use of Smartphone has simplified the process of record keeping and accessibility of data on real-time.  In addition, the technology has contributed to the development of care connectors that help in the storage of information relating to prescription details, keeping treatment calendars, timely diagnosis, and tracking medical compliance (Barbash  & Glied, 2010).  The disadvantage of technology in health care is that machine failure may lead to severe damage to the patient’s body.

Changes and innovations

The continuous advancement in technology has influenced various facets of care delivery based on application of advanced equipments, medication, and efficiency in the management of healthcare records. The ability to have accurate and up to date information is an imperative aspect that assists the health care providers to serve customers at ease hence reducing the hospital-related mortality rate. Therefore, advancement in technology assists meeting the escalating changes in the field of care (Agarwal et al., 2010). I predict that a continuous advancement in technology will simplify the roles and responsibilities of nurses by addressing complex medical conditions. There will be also a substantial retrenchment because only few numbers of medical providers will be needed and the machine will play most roles.

Health conditions of some people have led them to be technologically dependent.  For instance, some patients depends on the following equipment to survive; Home Oxygen Equipment, Tracheostomy, Gastrostomy, and Metered Dose Inhaler (Agarwal et al., 2010).  Therefore, the technology takes hands on the aspects of service delivery because more advanced methods are being developed over time to meet the escalating medical changes. The innovation will cause a high reliance on machine to deliver nursing services hence reducing the need for nurses in health care facilities. My favorite new technology relates to electronic health records because it leads to efficiency in data management.


In conclusion, the technological trend in the delivery of nursing services has positive and negative impacts. The changes contribute to the advancement of service delivery and maximize quality of care. The technology has created a conducive work environment for providers and patients. There is also an increase in job satisfaction due to flexibility and ease of service delivery. Despite having these advantages, various drawbacks emanate from machine failure hence causing medical errors, lack of confidentiality, and causing inefficiencies in service delivery.

How are synthetic a priori judgments possible?

How are synthetic a priori judgments possible?

The Kant’s concept of Copernican Turn is a paradigm that introduces new sources of knowledge to understanding philosophy. The introduction of new theories of metaphysics and the subsequent knowledge promotes the acquisition of new skills for learning and conducting philosophical duties by abandoning the basic knowledge of viewing nature from the general to have a different perception with innate structure with general appearance. Kant determined that knowledge could only be validated through a priori principles. Therefore, the general knowledge leads to understanding of metaphysics as an accepted body of knowledge (Kant 1990). The paradigm shift that Kant uses to explain his argument is referred to as the “Copernican Turn” because he was hopeful that he would accomplish his philosophical work as well as gain the relevant Meta physics knowledge in the perspective that guided Copernicus to fulfill his work in astronomy.  The aim of this paper is to explain an account of Kant’s “Copernican turn” in philosophy. The paper also provides an explanation of the terms a priori and synthetic and the function they have in Kant’s theoretical philosophy, and explain why mathematics and physics contain such statements.

An Account of Kant’s “Copernican Turn”

The explanation of Kant’s analysis of Pure Reason determines that Copernicus applied the knowledge to explain and reject the process of basic assumption in the astronomy based on personal objections and the assumption that the forces of reasoning had no impact on motions. In his work, Kant rejected the perception that aimed at identifying how our knowledge is based on experience and that the state of mind determines the level of experience to enhance the ability to synthesis information. The Kant’s explanation contradicts the traditional perception that the human knowledge conform to the object and hence identifies that the object is one that conforms to the knowledge (Kant 1990, p. 147). In addition, Kant rejects the Copernicus perception of cognition in order to avoid Berkelean idealism and Humean skepticism. The skepticism emanates from insufficient and  verifiable empirical finding but it is through the general knowledge and perception of the philosophical nature.

The critical analysis of pure reason begins with the identification that explains that the process is an experiment to be conducted in metaphysics to identify the process of revolutionizing critical thinking. The process also involves identifying the key contributors to philosophical nature by basing the argument on cosmology approach to explain Copernican revolution (Kant 1990). Copernicus deviated with the Ptolemaic geocentric approaches because it had no feasible and verifiable explanation on issues that relate to celestial motions. The perception is based on the assumption that motion revolves around the third person engaged in the observation.

In contrast with the famous geocentric system, Copernicus related with the heliocentric cosmological technique that aims to suggest that the motion of the objects emanates from the perception of the observer. Therefore, basing the argument on motion motivated Kant to carry an in-depth analysis to assist in the identification of successful study to analyze cosmology. To compare the Kant’s study and Copernicus research, there seems to be differences on how to address the nature of metaphysics. The explanations by Kant revealed that there is a need for an in depth study to assist in the analysis and application of pure path in metaphysics.

In his art Critique of Pure Reason, Kant provides a clear explanation of the foundation of physics.  The major sciences that the philosopher identifies include the mathematics, physics, and logics (Kant 1990). The explanation based on the foundation of sciences emanated from a need to identify the secure path. Explanation of the three sciences requires use of knowledge to identify the progress and revolutionary of the aspects of metaphysics.

The identification process was based on two conclusions that require knowledge of physics and mathematics. The first finding determined that a continuous progress in cognition identifies that the science has determined a success path. Secondly, the body of scientists has to identify a universal way to identifying a royal aim to achieving a common goal (Flikschuh, 2000). The approach faces challenges that emanates from a lack of unanimous techniques to address the procedures of metaphysics. There have been a conflict of interest in the past based on philosophers need to dominate in the explanation of metaphysics. The conflict led to the establishment of a common pool of knowledge to identify a lasting possession of a secure path to explaining the knowledge of a body of logics and the application royal path (Kant 1990).

On the other words, the explanation by Kart determines that the metaphysics has not yet established a secure path of physics while logic, mathematics, and physics have successfully determined the secure path. As a result, the question that has to be answered is what are the contributions of logics, mathematics, and physics? In addition, what is respective role of mathematics and logic to the body of knowledge?

The aim of Kant in his critique was to provide a relevant rescue of metaphysic from an intentional groping that aims at revolutionizing the explanation and to keep in pace the process as Copernicus did to cosmology. To contrast Copernicus explanations, Kant provides an additional explanation that identified that the nature of movement emanate from the perception of the observer but not from the movement of heavens. Analogical perception of the explanation has led to is based on the facts that the conventional approach and rejects the epistemological context that identifies that the subjects conform to the object.

In addition, the explanation by Kant shows that the approach of Copernicus turn requires that the object should conform to the cognition. The explanation means that the human being should recognize the presence of an object through priori and this implies that we understands what we have  put in our minds (Kant 1990).

According to Kant, we can only understand what we make or produce as a source of knowledge and promotion of the body of knowledge through the contribution of theoretical perspective of science. The Kant definition also identifies that the ability to recognize an object is because of controlled perception and knowing the independent world is complex because we cannot know the mind. The central thing in the Kant’s revolutionary technique of metaphysics is the ability to recognize the epistemological position. The perception on epistemological constructivism is a central theme that Kant used to promote his argument on assumptions that knowledge is dependent on observer.

The Secure Path of a Science

The Copernican turn in the Kant’s philosophy is a progressive revolution that is based on the Copernican astronomy and the control of modern science.   The overall concern of kant’s study is to compare the metaphysics as a source of knowledge with mathematics, logic, and physics. The comparison is made to generate the secure path of science that promotes the explanation and the role of metaphysics.  The Kant’s explanation identifies that logic is a pure science that was initiated and accomplished by Aristotle (Kant 1990). The claim that since the earliest time the science of logic has been progressive support the perception that Aristotle  contributed to its growth  with the  possibility of promoting  continued growth of the management science.

A priori and Synthetic

Kant further explains that the progress of logic requires a thorough analysis and   interpolation of metaphysical, anthropological and psychological systems that promotes sophistication of logic. Therefore, the progress permits improvement and deformation of science as a result overrunning of authorities.  According to kant, the logic has boundaries that promotes cognition of a normal path. The formal condition based on the level of valid thing promotes logical thinking without taking into account the roles of objects cognition.  The process that logic can use to identify the secure path relates to the ability to recognize the change itself and identifying the object on its own form. However, the external cognition does not contribute to the progress of logic. In this case, reason identifies itself a priori that involves a pure cognition that has no external sources of knowledge. Kant’s attempt to explain logic led to identification of two types of cognition that include a posteriori and a priori. A posteriori cognition requires a particular level of experience but does not imply that all cognition are empirical. A priori cognition is independent of experience.

The process of having a universal and necessity possession of thought that are dependent on experience, then it indicates the acquisition of a priori. The necessity and universality are inseparable indications that guide the acquisition of a priori cognition.  Therefore, the mind contributes to the acquisition of understanding of some empirical such as metaphysics. The ability to run logically leads to the adoption of attributable and controllable knowledge in mathematics. As a result, it is difficult to get Pythagorean number. Kant determines that mathematical judgments are always categorized under a priori cognition because they have universally acceptable reality and necessity. For instance, it is universally accepted that 2+5=7. The sum of 2and 5 is a process of unification that includes two numbers in  single one.  Therefore, an individual can only get the sum of the two numbers if he or she  goes beyond the concept of  adding together seeking the  intuition that  provides a  corresponding outcome.

Why Mathematics and Physics Contain Such Statements

Unlike logics that seek to provide a rule of formal thinking, mathematics and physics aims at getting knowledge regarding the object. The progress is determined through the application theoretical forms to promote reality and nature based on a solid reference. Therefore, mathematics and physics aims to provide the object’s a priori. The cognitive progress of mathematic depends on the ability to create an object based on the concept of a priori (Hogan, 2010). As a result, Kant determines that mathematics and physics have revolutionized before determining the secure path of science.  The process of revolution involves gathering of physical and mathematical information and analyzing any empirical and theoretical perspectives that relate with the findings. According to Kant, the mathematicians are posed with development of new royal path that permits a continued progress and development of more cognitive theories.

The analysis of mathematics in the concept of knowledge cognition provides description on how the mathematical concepts are developed following the idea of a prior concept. Therefore, the mathematic approach determines that mathematic figures are not based on properties but on how they are construed within the concept of a priori. In addition, the history of physics the revolution emanated from the ability to perform experiment and not from mere observation and analysis (Hogan, 2010). The prior analysis and findings found in physics and mathematics aims at identifying a secure path of science. The analysis provides explanations on the issues that relate to theoretical and practical approaches that ensures accuracy of concepts. Therefore, the explanations of Kant identifies that mathematics contributes to the construction of objects while physics assists in knowing nature (Hogan, 2010).

Therefore, Kant uses the term ‘nature’ to refer to things given in experience.  The revolution is also natural as explained by Francis Bacon who initiated the experimental technique.  Therefore, Kant provides that the empirical science result from natural science. The examples that Kant used to develop an empirical process include the approach that Galileo inclined the process of the rolling ball and the Torricelli, and Stahl. The similar of determining the progress of the experimental role reveals that the role of cognition emanates from an objective to meeting a given objective (Hogan, 2010). The kant’s main point is that the insight has an insight in that the progress in the management of continuous theoretical progress.

Kantian Constructivism

Kant’s Copernican turn results to a constructive approach that aim at providing critical consequences that contributes to direct realism and representationalism (Hogan, 2010). The approach of direct realism contributes to the approach that can contribute to grasping of knowledge and promoting the acquisition of external knowledge that contributes to independent knowledge. The technique of direct knowledge determines that the program has a direct representation that stands between the object and the subject.  In contrast, the approach of constructivist to knowledge identifies that knowledge cannot be acquired directly or indirectly. The problems that affect representationalism relates to the approach of analyzing and identifying the progress of the representation of the object and the subject.  In relation to constructivist approach, the world cannot be known by how it is but through the subject and in guidance of what it makes or produces.

The Two Fold of Kant’s Approach to Knowledge

The representation of the mind can help us grasp knowledge directly an approach called Epistemological representationalism. The famous Herz used the approach where he sought to identify the ground in which to differentiate the nature of representation and the object. For kant, the presentation is as a result of the object and subject. That is, the relation is dependent on the relation with the object.  The ‘term’ representation represents an idea in the minds of the empiricist and rationalists. The two determines that the term ‘representation’ is an independent reality. The other fold is called Epistemological constructivism (Rastovic, 2012).  The term is derived from mathematics where the epistemological subject identifies the object as an imperative item that should contributes to the source of knowledge. The representation shows that the sources of knowledge relates with the progress in exploration and experimentation of the identified theories.  The epistemological subject refutes the perception that knowing the mind a difficult task that requires intervention from the external sources.

The constructivist approach unifies the metaphysical approach between the physical things and the appearance of the things.  The cohesion between the object, subject, and the appearance affects the nature and source of knowledge. The metaphysical process identifies that the approach has a unification of different components that promotes the presence and construct of object and subject. The subject has to construct the object.

A thorough analysis of kant’s process identifies that the relationship between the subject and object contributes to three fundamental facets (Rastovic, 2012).  The first aspect identified from the nature of cohesion between object and subject includes the presence of ‘representation’ that has a perceptual experience. The argument that the absence of intuition and representation pertaining the perception towards an object presents Meta cognition and widens the ability to understanding the metaphysical approach. Therefore, human judgment emanates from an immediate cognition of an object that presents the actual presentation of the object

The other approach that leads to metaphysical unity is the appearance. The phenomenon represents the general prospect that promotes the appearance that supports the nature and prospect of acquiring new knowledge based on the subject and object. The natural nature of the process promotes the identification object, subject, and controls the definition of the representation that requires close examination that will lead to the identification of knowledge.

Therefore, the Kant’s explanation identifies that the in ability to know the mind is an imperative approach that requires experience. The interpretation identifies that one cannot know the mind because it is independent of him but can only know what he constructs (Rastovic, 2012). The ability to identify the social construction is a skillful technique that leads to promotion of the knowledge in the real world. The Kant’s explanation determines that the ability to recognize the external world require we have some inner experience but not the world as it appears. The above process may not be an intuition within us. The intuitions that determine our existence are found in the representations and intuitions. Therefore, intuitions and concepts contribute to a body of knowledge that is essential in the presentation of cognition. The kant’s argument determines that the process of identifying metaphysical process determines that there is progress and growth in the fields of the mathematics and logics (Rastovic, 2012).

The subjects are impacted by the concepts of sensation and unification of different categories that aims at promoting consistency of the general knowledge and promotion of mathematical and physical existences.  The categorization process leads to the identification of the general knowledge and promotion of key intuitions that allows acquisition of knowledge.  The unity is caterised by the concept of understanding and promotion of pure concepts and understanding (Rastovic, 2012). As a result, the concept of understanding is based on the idea of a priori that helps in the construction of objects of experience.

The cognition of an object requires that the existence of proof that will help in enhancing probability either by experience or a priori. A comfortable is imperative in the sense that the probability of identifying an external world relates to the perception that the comfortable thought is relevant to identify the perception and understanding regarding the human perception (Rastovic, 2012). Therefore, the thing that can be recognized is based on transcendental illusion. The illusion emanates from imaginations. Based on this context Kant determines that he can think anything as long as he does not contradict himself.  The concept of possible thought guarantees that the author may think about anything such as an object within the context of sum total possibilities (Woelert, 2007).

Copernican Constructivism and Revolution

The reading on the work of Copernicus’s theory contributed to the identification of key scientific concepts that promotes heliocentric. Copernicus engaged in changing the concept of geocentric conception into a heliocentric universe. In contrast to Copernicus’ work, Kants inverted the interaction between the object and subject by determining that the subject has to know what he produces, in its own form, and in accordance with the concept of intuition (Woelert, 2007). Therefore, based on this explanation, kant identified the need to have a central point that supports the Copernicus revolution.

The study of  constructivism provides an approach that promotes the body of knowledge  and supports the perspective of  metaphysics that promotes philosophy in different ways. First, the work of cant uses various terms such as mathematics, physic and logistics to enhance the study carried out in the field of philosophy in order to foster the empirical research. The use of such terms implies that kant’s study relied on a need to identify new sources of knowledge and to criticize past studies that explain a particular phenomena (Woelert, 2007).  For instance, the approach of constructs that guides in the construction of geometrical concepts promotes identification and application of the natural science.

Mathematical and physical concepts that Kant use assists in the assurance that helps to identify and analyze the synthetic judgment and support of his arguments. The application and explanation of various concepts such as a priori and posteriori helps Kant to explain the existence of synthetic statements.  The terms help to identify the terms of metaphysics and the principles of natural science. Therefore, the argument that the intuitions determine the progress of natural science requires support of evidence that is easy to verify (Woelert, 2007).  The application and explanation of the a priori concept involves a focus in metaphysics and their relevance in philosophy is commendable.


In conclusion, Kant also identifies a need to explain the nature of identifying the proces of classical aesthetic. The assumptions made in the explanations relate to the approach of identifying the causes of cognition.  For instance, if a person encounters an item that he or she recognizes and can easily recognize its nature, then Kant argues that the cognition may be categorized into three logical units.  The first thing is the schema of space and time that involves the presentation of that concept in the manifold. Then the attribute of presenting the object and recognizing it is based on experience and the ability to synthesis information is what Kant refers to the power of judgment. The types of judgments are categorized into two folds. That is determining judgment and reflecting judgments. The process that logic can use to identify the secure path relates to the ability to recognize the change itself and identifying the object on its own form. However, the external cognition does not contribute to the progress of logic. In this case, reason identifies itself a priori that involves a pure cognition that has no external sources of knowledge. Kant’s attempt to explain logic led to identification of two types of cognition that include a posteriori and a priori.

People should not be allowed to text while driving

People should not be allowed to text while driving


The essay purposes to analyze the dangers of texting from an ethical, emotional and logical appeal. The level at which technology has taken over the different levels of communication is at an increasing rate that does not see to the requirement levels of traditional courtesy or etiquette. In most cases, the forms of communication have become so diverse and easy to handle to the level that they become more of a distraction rather than an efficient method of communicating. Texting requires that a person abandons what they are focused on and focus on the movement of their keys to ensure that they hover over the device in a consistent and well-coordinated way to send the right message. Texting is a task on its own that blinds people of their essential duties due to its quick emotional fulfillment and the reliability levels. It takes away concentration as the mind is rather captivated on the text content. It is even made worse depending on the contextual emotions of the text conversation be it extreme happiness o sadness. Texting while driving has become the number one cause of accidents in the 21st Century.


Distracted driving is mostly common among teenagers and people with very demanding work schedules. There have been more than 24,000 accidents caused by texting while driving among all the millions of accidents recorded in the past years. Texting while driving is becoming a very common aspect of most of the drivers on the freeway. The drivers, in this case, find it an excellent opportunity to text since they do not have any restrictions compared to minor roads. Texting on minor roads prevents the driver from seeing any signs and many pedestrians are killed in the process. It has also become the highest threat to school going children that opt to walk or cycle to their schools from home and are not under the supervision of an adult (Boenker et al., 5). The dangers of texting while driving is likened to just a second of the driver’s eyes being away from the road. It has been known to distract drivers from their duties to a level that they are not even watchful of sticking to their lane. The rate at which drivers veer off the road into fatal accidents is high due to distractions from texting. Drivers involved in accidents where the pedestrian is the victim, end up regretting and resenting the habit due to the guilt. The emotional appeal to this is to make it clear that texting while driving is an easy and careless reason as to how a driver can cost an innocent person’s life, whether a pedestrian or a passenger.


There have been several warning advertisements to keep people aware of the dangers of driving while texting. The same is not only on audiovisuals but visuals too such as billboards.  It has become very easy to indicate when a driver in a certain car is driving and texting at the same time. In most cases, the car keeps swerving and veering off the lane while the driver constantly steps on the brakes in short and sudden intervals and mostly late. Most drivers find multitasking very convenient and efficient. This, however, has some very severe consequences starting from the law. This law has, however, not been implemented yet in the United States (Samuel et al., 10). The drivers take advantage of the fact that any particular law does not govern them and, therefore, do not feel obliged enough to be responsible while on their own. The state of the drivers in this case also costs them their time just for not being responsible enough when they face a jail sentence. The use of visual advertisements is a logical appeal to the drivers not to text and drive since it is very dangerous. It works very effectively since the communication is relayed to the user at the point of action. The fact that a driver sees the communication while driving becomes a constant reminder of the importance of not texting while driving. Hence, the message is more accentuated and sinks in well.


The level of morality has gone down with the increase in technological advancements. People are not inclined to being considerate of others in most cases. Texting while driving is very unethical since it not only puts the driver in danger but also the lives of the surrounding drivers too. In the same way, a driver text while driving is compared with gambling, but this time only real and with more valuable aspects which are people’s lives. The level of morality is lowered by the sound of the comparison to indicate the recklessness of a driver. It is only ethical to respect the life of other humans and make an effort to keep them safe (Meza & Daniel, 15).  Advertisements that have been used to send the message mostly lean towards the feelings, thoughts and emotions of the driver, making them feel uncouth and irresponsible. Therefore, in this case, morals are what are targeted since it stresses the fact that it is morally wrong to play around with the lives of people. The ethical appeal, therefore, touches on Morals and questions the person’s standards.


It is evident that the prevalence of texting while driving is not defined by only a particular age group but rather to all drivers irrespective of their age. To fight the level at which accidents are caused by drivers texting while driving, the law keepers have listened to the many pleas from the public on stopping drivers who irresponsibly text while driving. The enormity of this menace cannot be emphasized more, but more action in curbing such should continue being a priority for the lawmakers, enforcers and the general public towards road safety.